Annual Torah Cycle

In the observance of the annual cycle of Torah Reading, each week is assigned its own portion of Scripture, or what we refer to as a Parashah. The first Parashah of the year for example is B'resheet (Genesis) and this year 5779 it commenced on 27 Tishrei or October 6, 2018. There are 54 Parshiyot (Parashah plural), one for each week of a leap year, so that in the course of one year, we complete the entire Torah from B'resheet to D'varim (Genesis to Deuteronomy). A leap-year adds an additional 4 weeks (one month) to the usual 12 months, and we refer to this month as: ADAR II. During non-leap years (regular), there are 50 weeks, as a result some of the shorter Parshiyot are doubled up.

The weeks of Pesach (Passover) and Sukkot have different Torah portions assigned to them, so on leap years that leaves 52 weeks to accomplish 54 Parshiyot. This is achieved by doubling up 2 portions, and for non-leap years there remain 48 weeks to accomplish 54 Parshiyot and this is achieved by having 6 double Parshiyot.

This Week's Parasha

Parashah 18 Mishpatim (Judgments)

Torah: Shemot(Exodus) 21:1-24:18

Haftara: Jeremiah 34:8-22, 33:25-26

Brit Chadashah: Matthew 26:20-30

 

Portion Summary

The eighteenth reading from the Torah is named Mishpatim (משפטים), which means "judgments." The title comes from the first words of the first verse of the reading, which could be literally translated to say, "And these are the judgments which you will place before them" (Exodus 21:1). The first three chapters of this Torah portion deliver a legal code of laws and commandments that form a nucleus for the Torah's laws. The last chapter tells the story of how the people of Israel consented to keep these laws and entered into a covenant relationship with God through a series of rituals conducted by Moses.

 

Portion Outline

    • Torah
      • Exodus 21:1 | The Law concerning Slaves
      • Exodus 21:12 | The Law concerning Violence
      • Exodus 21:28 | Laws concerning Property
      • Exodus 22:1 | Laws of Restitution
      • Exodus 22:16 | Social and Religious Laws
      • Exodus 23:1 | Justice for All
      • Exodus 23:10 | Sabbatical Year and Sabbath
      • Exodus 23:14 | The Annual Festivals
      • Exodus 23:20 | The Conquest of Canaan Promised
      • Exodus 24:1 | The Blood of the Covenant
      • Exodus 24:9 | On the Mountain with God
    • Prophets
      • Jer 34:8 | Treacherous Treatment of Slaves
      • Jer 33:14 | The Righteous Branch and the Covenant with David

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